CCD report

CCD Report 2022

The Circular Cities Declaration community is proud to present the CCD Report 2022the widest ever assessment of circular economy practices across Europe's cities. From November 2021 to January 2022, CCD signatories were asked to provide information on their circular economy activities, strategies and actions. For each action, they additionally provided a brief description of the scope, objective and involved actors, and links to supporting documentation (web links, publications, documents, etc.). Furthermore, signatories indicated what their future actions will be, what challenges they are facing and which CCD commitments they are making progress on. A total of 40 signatories reported on their activities, providing a unique glimpse into how the circular economy is implemented at the local level in Europe.

Signatories featured in the report

Ghent and Leuven(Belgium); Prague (Czech Republic); Capital Region of Denmark, Copenhagen, Høje-Taastrup and Roskilde (Denmark); Espoo, Helsinki, Lappeenranta, Mikkeli, Oulu, Tampere and Turku (Finland); Est Ensemble Grand Paris, Grenoble and Lille Metropole (France); Freiburg im Breisgau (Germany); Trikala (Greece); Budapest (Hungary); Genoa, Florence, and La Spezia (Italy); Wiltz (Luxembourg);  Albergaria-a-Velha, Braga, Évora, Guimarães, Loures, Porto, and Torres Vedras (Portugal); Haarlem (Netherlands); Oslo (Norway); Ljubljana and Maribor (Slovenia); Murcia and Picanya (Spain); Eskilstuna, Malmö and Umeå (Sweden), and Izmit (Turkey)

CCD report 2022

Download the CCD report 2022 here


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Key Insights

Over 2022, ICLEI Europe, supported by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation, analysed the signatories' reporting and developed the CCD Report 2022, firstly to celebrate and showcase the significant gains cities are making towards the circular transition, but also to highlight the most important trends and challenges related to this transition.

Some of the key conclusions include:

  • Cities are hubs of humanity – often fuelling a country’s economic growth and innovation. They are also resource and energy hungry. Because of this, cities are critical in helping us transition to a circular economy.
  • Considerable progress is being made. Half of the 40 cities involved in the report already have circular economy strategies in place or in development.
  • The report highlights how our urban areas are becoming circular, but also how the transition can be accelerated. Residents, city authorities, national governments and the private sector all have levers they can pull to help us go circular.
  • The most common circular economy programme within cities involves material loops such as the collection and treatment of building materials and food. There is also increasing evidence of regenerative infrastructure such as urban gardens being developed to encourage biodiversity back into our cities
  • Progress towards making cities circular is not as fast as it could be due to a lack of skills and knowledge. This information gap must be bridged. A lack of finance options is also holding back the pace of transition to a circular economy. The private sector and national governments must help unlock new opportunities.