Greater Paris Metropolis, France
The Metropole du Grand Paris (Greater Paris Metropolis) is the urban local authority gathering Paris and the 130 towns around (7.2 million of inhabitants). Circular economy has been identified as a key pillar to reinforce its urban et economic resilience. The metropolitan circular strategy is based on three main pillars:
- Urban metabolism - improving knowledge of resource flows and identifying ways to optimize them
- Promoting circular economy through local and collaborative networks
- Supporting the transition
With regards to the first pillar, The Metropole is conducting a material/energy flow analysis to measure resource stakes (biomass, minerals, plastics, nutrients, etc.). This study includes projections of deconstructed materials linked to the urban development operations planned over the next few years, as well as a mapping of land available for developing new circular economy projects. Based on these results, the Metropole is developing a circular economy platform plan aiming to develop and network physical platforms to operate reuse/recycling. At the same time, the Metropole is implementing circular economy principles on construction works managed by the Metropole (e.g. deconstruction on the 2024 Olympic swimming pool site including 30% of reuse and from 60 to 99% recycling targets according to material types.) A research chair has also been developed with Gustave Eiffel University to develop knowledge and innovation on urban metabolism.